Omsk city in Siberia: Location, population and importance!

Omsk city in Siberia: Location, population and importance!

As it is the second largest city in Siberia region after Novosibirsk, and is the ninth largest city in the country. In addition to its special importance as it is a main transport node! We can say that the city of Omsk is one of the important cities in Siberia region.

In this paragraph, we will Learn more about this city’s location, population, importance and many other interesting information. Join us!

Where can I find Omsk on the map of Russia?

Omsk city in Russia is the administrative center and largest city of the Oblast of the same name. The city is situated in southwestern Siberia region in the Asian part of the Russian Federation. It is just about 450 kilometers north of the capital of Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan, and 600 kilometers west of the city of Novosibirsk the largest city in Siberia.

And here are the distance to some major Russian cities from Omsk:

Distance to the capital, Moscow: 2238.6 kilometers.

To Saint Petersburg: 2589.43 kilometers.

And, finally, the distance between Vladivostok and Omsk is 4,322 kilometers.

Where did Omsk have its name from?

The foundation of the city was in 1716, and it named after the Om river. And “The quiet one” is the meaning of the name in the dialect of Baraba Tatars.

Importance and Population:

Omsk is the second largest city in Siberia region after Novosibirsk, and is the ninth largest city in the Russian federation.

According to the latest census, The city has a population of over one million residents as it reached 1,139,897 residents as the 2021 census listed.

Omsk as a transport node:

In fact, Omsk is serving as a train station for the Trans-Siberian Railway and as a river port. Therefore, this city has a special importance as it is a main transport node:


Omsk is an important railroad hub, and is the junction point for the northern and southern branches of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Above all, the city also serves as a major hub for the regional highway network.

River transportation:

The city’s River port facilities also handle both passengers and freight, giving the city access to navigating the extensive waterways of the Irtysh and Om River. On the other hand, the waterways connect Omsk with the coal and mineral-mining towns further up the river in Kazakhstan, as well as with the oil, natural gas and lumber operations of northern Siberia.

Air craft:

In addition to above, Omsk is an important aviation hub for Siberia and the Russian Far East, as it is served by the Tsentralny Airport.

In fact, the Tsentralny Airport serves the city, and offers access to not only domestic destinations, but also to international (primarily, German and Kazakh) destinations.

The city's airport
The city’s airport ensures the flow of passengers not only to domestic, but also to international destinations as well.

Administrative division:

The city has regional importance, it is divided into five administrative districts (urban administrative districts) as internal districts (regional administrative units):

The Central Administrative District:

The central administrative district covers the central part of the city. In fact, The most important cultural and industrial sites are concentrated here.

In the Central Administrative District there are the Omsk State Musical Theatre, the Academic Drama Theatre, the Children’s and Youth Theater, A. Blinov, the Omsk Circus, other cultural and artistic institutions.

On the other hand, the central administrative district is the administrative center not only of the city, but also of the district.

Leninsky administrative district.

Soviet administrative district.

Kirov administrative district.

Oktyabrsky administrative district.


Learn about the longest railway line in the would the Trans-Siberian railway (TSR).

And you can also read more about the beautiful Russian cities.

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